5 items with the tag Trade

How to Push Efficiency Reforms in Port


How to Push Efficiency Enhancing Reforms at the Port of Dar Es Salaam?
by Jacques Morisset, Charles Moret, and Julie Regolo

The port of Dar Es Salaam, the second largest in East Africa after Mombasa, is one of the least efficient on the planet, hindering trade and economic expansion not just for Tanzania but also for neighboring landlocked countries.

PDF - 620.6 kb
Dar es Salaam anchorage area
Click to Download the World Bank Africa trade policy note

The cumulative delays at anchorage and dwell time can exceed 20 days, while international standards are around 3-4 days. In addition, official and non-official payments are high and prevalent. These inefficiencies are well known and mitigating them has been a priority in recent national strategies. However, the implementation of necessary policy reforms and investments has been slow and inadequate.

The lack of enthusiasm for reforms is explained by the asymmetric distribution of benefits and costs associated with the current inefficiency of the port. While gains are concentrated in the hands of a few wellconnected players, costs are diffused among multiple consumers, firms,and households across the country. Other contributing factors include the lack of awareness of costs by most consumers and firms, the unequal distribution of these costs, time inconsistency between costs and benefits associated with reforms, and the lack of coordination for decisive actions.

These basic lessons of political economy help not only to understand why the port of Dar Es Salaam has remained underperforming but also offer new directions on how to encourage the faster implementation of efficiency enhancing reforms.

Global growth to be below 2011


WTO predict 2012 & 2013 Global growth to be below 2011
Slowing global output growth has led WTO economists to downgrade their 2012 forecast for world trade expansion to 2.5% (from 3.7%) and to scale back their 2013 estimate to 4.5% (from 5.6%).

Risk to forcast expected to remain mostly on the downside.
Full press release at http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/pres12_e/pr676_e.pdf

View online : http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/p...

Why Cargo Dwell Time Matters in Trade


An interesting article from the World bank economic premise on a new dwell time survey analysis in SSA that reveal that collusion of interests may reinforce rent-seeking behaviors among shippers, intermediaries, and controlling agencies. Companies may use long dwell times as a strategic tool to prevent competition, similar to a predatory pricing mechanism. Incumbent traders and importers, as well as customs agencies, terminal operators, and owners of warehouses benefit from long cargo dwell times, which act as a strong barrier to entry for international traders and manufacturers.

This new analysis might have quite an impact on donors future infrastructure investments policies.

The article can be found at:

View online : http://siteresources.worldbank.org/...

Logistics Performance Index


This third edition of the LPI from the World bank provides a unique global benchmark measuring the logistics performance of 155 countries. The LPI measures on-the-ground trade logistics efficiency.

The LPI classification should however be taken with caution, as it only provides an indication, since it is mainly based on the perception of logistics professionals. Results are built on a survey of Freight forwarders rating their countries on key logistics issues such as customs clearance efficiency, infrastructure quality, and the ability to track cargo.

The world bank report is located at:

View online : The world bank report is located at:

Directory of supply chains


Sourcemap is the first crowdsourced directory of supply chains and environmental footprints. A visual database to learn where products come from, what they’re made of, and how they impact people and the environment. So far 2000 products are mapped and bar code should soon be available to provide infos directly to consumers.

This kind of transparent information will have consequences on companies future sourcing and supply chains decisions.

Where things come from: http://sourcemap.com

View online : Where things come from